Historic Places to See in Alexandria

By | September 17, 2023

Historic Places to See in Alexandria

Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city and is famous for its historical and cultural heritage. It attracts visitors with its fascinating nature, ancient ruins and unique atmosphere. Now, let’s take a look at the must-see historical sites in Alexandria.

1. Library of Alexandria

The Library of Alexandria was one of the most important information and cultural centers in ancient times. Unfortunately, the original library has been destroyed over time, but has now been reconstructed as a modern library. This library, which hosts approximately 8 million books, fascinates visitors with its magnificent architecture and rich content.

2. Red Lighthouse

The Red Lighthouse is considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. B.C. Built in 280, this lighthouse was one of the tallest structures at that time. Unfortunately, the original lighthouse did not survive, but a modern structure was built in its place. Combined with the beautiful beaches and restaurants in this area, it has become a unique venue that will ensure visitors have an enjoyable experience.

3. Pompey’s Column

Pompey’s Column is one of Alexandria’s most famous historical landmarks. B.C. Built in 297 BC, this column was erected to commemorate the Wind of Pompey. Although it has lost much of its original structural integrity, it still serves as a major tourist attraction.

4. Montaza Palace

Montaza Palace is one of Alexandria’s most magnificent buildings. Built in the 19th century, this palace was used as the summer residence of the Egyptian Royal Family. It fascinates visitors with its enchanting gardens, elegant design and magnificent view. There are also a number of restaurants and cafes around the palace.

5. King Faruk Palace

King Farouk Palace is another historical building that was built in the 19th century. This palace served as the residence of King Faruk of Egypt. King Faruk Palace, inspired by Topkapi Palace, draws attention with its magnificent architecture and interiors. Today, part of the palace has been turned into a museum and opened to visitors.

Other Must-See Historical Places in Alexandria Sequence Number Historical Site 6 Catacombs 7 National Museum of Alexandria 8 Citadel of Qaitbay 9 Greco-Roman Museum 10 El-Mursi Abi El-Abbas Masjid

6. Catacombs

Catacombs are catacombs from the ancient Roman period. These tombs were used by the early Christian communities of Egypt. Visitors can marvel at a series of tunnels and chambers in this magical underground complex.

7. National Museum of Alexandria

The Alexandria National Museum is an ideal place for visitors who want to gain an in-depth knowledge of Egyptian history and culture. This museum displays many artifacts from the ancient Egyptian period, making it a must-have for archeology enthusiasts.

8. Citadel of Qaitbay

Qaitbay Fortress was built in the 15th century to protect Egypt. This fort is one of the best examples of Egypt’s military architecture during the Ottoman period. Located by the sea, this castle fascinates visitors with its historical atmosphere and magnificent view.

9. Greco-Roman Museum

The Greco-Roman Museum exhibits many artifacts from the ancient Greek and Roman periods. This museum offers visitors the opportunity to explore its rich historical and cultural heritage. Artifacts on display include sculptures, coins, jewelry and ceramics.

10. Al-Mursi Abi Al-Abbas Masjid

Al-Mursi Abi Al-Abbas Masjid is one of the most important Islamic religious buildings in Egypt. The exterior and interior of the mosque are full of elegant details and decorations. Visitors can meditate in the peaceful atmosphere of this religious building or observe the religious rituals that have been going on for centuries.

Alexandria is a city full of historical and cultural riches. The places mentioned above are just some of the few historical places in this city. You should definitely explore these places on your visit and experience the fascinating atmosphere of Alexandria.

Coptic Museum: The Fascinating World of Coptic Art

The Coptic Museum fascinates its visitors as a museum that showcases the best of Coptic art. This museum lets you dive deep into Coptic culture and presents a unique world filled with unique works of art. In this article, we would like to open the doors of this fascinating world by examining the Coptic Museum in more detail.

Characteristics of Coptic Art

Coptic art is an art movement that emerged with Christianity in Egypt from the 2nd century. This art movement has created a unique style by combining the local culture of Egypt with the Christian faith. The most important feature of Coptic art is that it creates a unique expression and aesthetic by using Christian symbols and motifs.

  • Coptic sculptures: Sculptures are among the most prominent examples of Coptic art. These statues are often made of wood, stone or metal and depict statues of Christian saints.
  • Manuscripts: The many manuscripts on display at the Coptic Museum form an important part of Coptic art. These manuscripts are usually miniature works on leather and contain Christian texts.
  • Icons: Coptic art also shows itself in icon paintings. These icons include depictions of Christian saints, the Virgin Mary, and Jesus Christ. These icons, made in a colorful and detailed style, reflect the characteristics of Coptic art.
  • Wall frescoes: Wall frescoes in Coptic churches are also a distinctive feature of Coptic art. These frescoes often depict religious scenes and saints. These frescoes, made in a colorful and detailed style, reflect the aesthetic understanding of Coptic art.

Artifacts Exhibited in the Coptic Museum

The Coptic Museum has a large collection and presents the best examples of Coptic art from thousands of years. Some of the most important works of the museum include:

Artifact Description Coptic Statue A Coptic saint statue made of wood. It attracts attention with its detailed craftsmanship and peaceful expression. Coptic Manuscript A Coptic manuscript made on leather. It has a fascinating beauty with its colorful miniatures and Christian texts. Coptic Icon A Coptic icon depicting the Virgin Mary. It dazzles with its bright colors and fine workmanship. Coptic Wall Frescoes Frescoes on the walls of one of the Coptic churches. Reflecting religious scenes and saints, these frescoes reveal the richness of Coptic art.

Visiting the Coptic Museum

The Coptic Museum is a true paradise for fans of Coptic art. The museum offers visitors guided tours and interactive exhibits. There are also workshops on Coptic art. In these workshops, visitors can learn the techniques of Coptic art and create their own works of art.

The Coptic Museum is also an important resource for researchers. The museum’s library contains thousands of books and journals and provides resources for those seeking in-depth research into Coptic art.

If you are a fan of Coptic art or interested in exploring a different culture, the Coptic Museum is the perfect option for you. This museum offers you the unique world of Coptic art and takes you on a fascinating journey. By visiting the Coptic Museum, you can dive deep into Coptic art and discover thousands of years of history.

Pompey’s Column: Historical Legacy of the Roman Era

The Ancient Roman Empire is a civilization that played an important role in the history scene. Istanbul, the capital of Rome, became an important center in this period and housed many historical buildings. One of them is Pompey’s Column. This Roman column adds to the historic atmosphere in the city.

History of Pompey’s Column

Pompey’s Column was built in the 2nd century AD during the reign of Roman Emperor Trajan. The column was built to commemorate the military victories of the Roman Empire. On the built column, there are reliefs depicting the conquests of the Roman Emperor Trajan in detail.

The column was located in the middle of a forum in ancient times. Today, it is located in Istanbul’s Sultanahmet Square. The column, which had a height of approximately 49 meters at the time it was built, has suffered various damage over time and the section that has survived to the present day is 18 meters. However, it still contributes to the historical texture as an impressive structure.

Features of Pompey’s Column

Pompey’s Column was built from Carrara marble. On both surfaces of the column are reliefs showing the successful military campaigns and victories of the Roman Empire. These reliefs are detailed and reflect the military techniques and wars of the period.

There is a statue on the circular platform at the head of the column. This statue is thought to represent the Roman Emperor Trajan. Unfortunately, over time, the statue was damaged and has not survived. But the statue of Pompey’s Column still has a fascinating effect.

Contribution of Pompey’s Column to the Historical Atmosphere

Pompey’s Column makes an important contribution to the historical atmosphere of Istanbul. It reveals both the splendor of the Roman Empire and the military achievements of the period. The square where the column is located is a frequent spot for tourists and locals alike.

In addition, Pompey’s Column is one of the centers of many stories about the history of Istanbul. Detailed reliefs from the period when the column was built provide information about the personality of the Roman Emperor Trajan, as well as the military strategies and war techniques of that period. Therefore, it is considered an important resource for history buffs.


Pompey’s Column is an important part of the historical legacy left by the Roman Empire in Istanbul. This building, which has left an important trace on its history and culture, adds depth to the historical atmosphere of the city. Pompey’s Column, one of the frequent destinations of visitors and tourists, is an important structure for those who want to get to know and explore the history of Istanbul.

The Alexander the Great Library is known as one of the most important libraries of the ancient world. BC by Alexander the Great Built in the 4th century, this library housed many valuable works that laid the foundation for modern libraries today. The library functioned as a center used for the dissemination and preservation of knowledge.

Construction and Features of the Library

Alexander the Great decided to build this library in the city of Alexandria, Egypt, which was the capital when he conquered the Persian Empire. Alexandria has historically been famous for its support of science and intellectual activities. The library is also considered as a part of this intellectual center.

The library was completed and developed by the Ptolemaic Dynasty, which ruled after the death of Alexander the Great. Although there is very little information about the library today, information about some of its features has been obtained thanks to the archaeological excavations and ancient sources.

The library consisted of many different sections. It had sections such as a large reading room, writing workshops, seminar rooms and private libraries. There were also book binding and restoration workshops. In these workshops, studies were carried out for the preservation and restoration of old books.

Important Works

The Alexander the Great Library was home to many of the most important scientific works of antiquity. Scientists who came to Alexandria had the opportunity to leave their works and interact with new works thanks to the library here.

In particular, works in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, medicine, philosophy and literature were included in the library. For example, the math book written by Euclid, known as Euclid’s Elements, was one of the most valuable works in the library. In addition, the works of famous ancient writers such as Aristotle, Homer, Plato and Herodotus were found in the library.

Destruction and Effects

Unfortunately, the Alexander the Great Library was severely damaged by a fire in the 3rd century AD. Many important works were destroyed in the fire and a large part of the building was destroyed. However, the library continued its function for a while and was partially restored.

There is no definite information about the destruction of the Alexander the Great Library and the number of lost works. However, it is accepted that this event caused great damage to the knowledge of the ancient world. With the disappearance of the library, many important works and information were lost forever.

The effects of the Alexander the Great Library are still felt today. Playing a leading role in the preservation and dissemination of knowledge and culture in the ancient world, the library laid the foundation for modern libraries. It is also known that Osman Bey, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, also examined the works in the library and was influenced by it.

Property Value Year Built BC 4th century Key Areas Mathematics, astronomy, medicine, philosophy, literature Date of Collapse 3rd century AD Destruction Cause Fire Restoration Condition Partially restored

  • The Alexander the Great Library is one of the most important libraries of the ancient world.
  • Library, BC. It was built in the 4th century by Alexander the Great.
  • In particular, it has hosted works in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, medicine, philosophy and literature.
  • The library was seriously damaged by a fire in the 3rd century AD and many works were lost.
  • The Alexander the Great Library laid the foundation for modern libraries.

Winter Palace: A Dazzling Piece of the Ottoman Empire

  • History

Year Event 1863 The construction of the Winter Palace began 1874 The construction was completed and put into service 1922 Its use ended in the last periods of the Ottoman Empire

  • Definition

The Winter Palace is a magnificent palace from the Ottoman Empire period. It is located in Istanbul and has impressive architectural features. The construction of the palace began in 1863 and was completed in 1874. This palace, which played an important role in the last periods of the Ottoman Empire, also draws attention with its architecture.

  • Architectural Features

The architectural structure of the Winter Palace is quite impressive. The stonework used on the exterior of the palace is of high quality and detailed. The rich cultural past of the Ottoman Empire was reflected in the decorations in the interior of the palace. The ceiling decorations, ceramics and mosaics inside are worth seeing. The large courtyards and gardens of the palace are designed for guests to have a pleasant time.

  • Historical Events

Winter Palace hosted many important historical events during the Ottoman Empire period. The palace hosted many official banquets and ceremonies for sultans and important statesmen. It has also hosted concerts and cultural events by famous artists. The charming atmosphere of the palace adds a special value to historical events.

  • Conservation and Restoration

The Winter Palace was neglected for a while as its use ended in the last periods of the Ottoman Empire. However, thanks to the restoration works carried out in recent years, the former glory of the palace has been revived. During the restoration process, the original architectural features were preserved and the historical texture of the palace was preserved. Today, the Winter Palace has become a major attraction for tourists and history buffs.

  • Visit

The Winter Palace is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Istanbul. Those who want to visit the palace will step into the wonderland. The magnificent architectural structure and historical texture of the palace offer visitors an unforgettable experience. The historical objects and works of art exhibited in the interior of the palace are important memories of the rich culture of the Ottoman Empire.

The fascinating beauties and historical significance of the Winter Palace transports visitors to the glorious period of the Ottoman Empire. Those who visit the palace will feel the power and grace of the Ottoman Empire. Thanks to the restoration works, the Winter Palace has returned to its former glorious days and has become an indispensable spot for history lovers.

Royal National Museum: Home to Unique Collections of Egyptian History

The Royal National Museum is a world-renowned museum and houses the most important collections of Egyptian history. This magnificent museum offers an inspiring experience for visitors who want to explore Egypt’s rich history and come into contact with an important part of its local art and culture.

Egypt’s Rich History

Egypt has been home to one of the oldest known civilizations in the world and has been a great power at various times in history. Egypt is famous for its many iconic structures and symbols such as pharaohs, pyramids, sphinxes, temples and hieroglyphs.

The Royal National Museum presents this rich history of Egypt in detail to its visitors. The museum has a large collection that includes many important items such as historical artifacts, sculptures, jewelry, religious objects and mummies. These works help us to understand the lives, beliefs and artistic understanding of people who lived in different periods of Egypt.

The Museum’s Collections

The collection of the Royal National Museum includes artifacts from different periods of Egypt. First of all, sculptures and pyramid decorations from the Old Kingdom period attract great attention. The works produced during this period are brilliant examples of early Egyptian art.

The museum also has an inscriptions gallery, which includes many important inscriptions from the Middle Kingdom period. These inscriptions provide valuable information about the reigns and royal policies of the pharaohs.

The Hall of Mummies from the New Kingdom period is one of the most popular sections in the museum. In this hall, it is possible to see the mummies of the famous kings and queens of Egypt. Mummies are believed to have been prepared for the afterlife and represent a part of the religious and ritual beliefs of Egypt.

Experiences Offered at the Museum

The Royal National Museum is not only a place to understand Egyptian history, but also offers visitors interactive experiences. The museum offers visitors activities such as learning Egyptian script, drawing hieroglyphics and applying Egyptian makeup. These events allow visitors to become a part of Egyptian culture.

The museum also has a children’s section designed for future archaeologists. In this section, children can have fun by participating in different activities to explore ancient Egypt. This is a great opportunity to get kids interested in history and culture from an early age.

Visiting Information

The Royal National Museum is located next to the Royal Palace. The museum is open to visitors seven days a week and its visiting hours last from 9 am to 6 pm. Photography is allowed in the museum, but the use of flash is prohibited in some areas.

Address Phone E-mail 1234 Royal Street, Cairo, Egypt 1234567890 [email protected]

The Royal National Museum is a must-visit for anyone interested in Egyptian history. This museum offers visitors an unforgettable journey by offering the opportunity to experience Egypt’s rich cultural heritage and history.

Coptic Museum: Displaying the best examples of Coptic art, this museum enchants its visitors.,Pompey’s Column: This Roman column adds to the historical atmosphere in the city.,Alexander the Great: Known as one of the most important libraries of the ancient world.,Winter Palace: Ottoman Remaining from the imperial period, this palace has magnificent architecture.,Royal National Museum: It houses unique collections of Egyptian history.

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